Extraordinary. The Times. Le Cours du Temps. Friday, July 24, 1795. Vendredi, 24me Juillet. No. 52 [drop title]

Extraordinary. The Times. Le Cours du Temps. Friday, July 24, 1795. Vendredi, 24me Juillet. No. 52 [drop title]

[Montreal, Quebec: Wm. Vondenvelden, 1795.]. Contains the full text of the Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, between his Britannic Majesty and the United States of America [i.e., the Jay Treaty] which was conditionally ratified by the U.S. Senate June 24, 1795. 4to, pp.[439]-444 (i.e. three single leaves); printed in double columns, recto and verso; previous folds; very good. Printed entirely in English except as noted in the title, and bi-lingual advertisements on the last page for a revival of the Montreal Gazette, and a tailor. Not found in OCLC. Lande 2251 (for a holding of 10 issues, not including this one); Tremain, p. 643-6 (locating only one copy at the Public Archives, Ottawa): "No. 52 was an Extraordinary issue ... containing the text of the Jay Treaty ... On the following Monday, July 27, 1795, the regular publication day, no. 52 Supplement appeared with the announcement that the Times had ceased publication." Sabin 96585 is apparently the first Canadian book or pamphlet publication of the Jay Treaty, Quebec 1796, also by William Vondenvelden. The paper ran weekly from August 4, 1794 to July 27, 1795, evidently ending with the issue following the publication of this "Extraordinary." Lande provides a full-page illustration of this newspaper, dated June 23, 1794. Signed November 19, 1794, the Jay Treaty adjusted a number of thorny matters which grew out of the Peace Treaty of 1783, including several on America's northern frontier, especially boundary gaps and the failure to evacuate frontier forts. Thus, the publication of this treaty with Great Britain had important ramifications in U.S. relations with Canada, especially Quebec. Perhaps more important, the "war crisis" of 1794 was in measure precipitated by the bellicose speech of Lord Dorchester, the Governor-General of Canada, to the western Indians. In the treaty Great Britain agreed to evacuate the frontier forts by 1796 and two mixed boundary commissions were set up. The Jay Treaty thus helped avert another war with Great Britain, and perhaps more significantly, established the principle of international arbitration. The text of the Treaty ends with with resolution of the U.S. Senate for the conditional ratification, which advised President Washington to amend the treaty by suspending the 12th article, which concerned trade between the U.S. and the West Indies; and the printed text of the letter written by Thomas Jefferson (then Secretary of State) to George Hammond, the first British envoy to the United States, dated Philadelphia, September 5, 1793. Jefferson was harshly critical of the treaty. Item #54288

Price: $3,500.00

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