Monthly returns of coasting vessels, entered in the port of East Greenwich, District of Newport and the port of Pawtuxet, District of Providence
Monthly returns of coasting vessels, entered in the port of East Greenwich, District of Newport and the port of Pawtuxet, District of Providence

Monthly returns of coasting vessels, entered in the port of East Greenwich, District of Newport and the port of Pawtuxet, District of Providence

East Greenwich & Pawtuxet: 1795-99. Forty-three custom house entries and clearances for the ports of East Greenwich (17) and Pawtuxet (26), each on a folio sheet approx. 12½" x 8"; all docketed on the verso; previous folds; very good to near fine condition. "Monthly Return of Coasting Vessels, Cleared from the Port of East Greenwich District of Newport," January to December 1795 (the October return is missing), signed by Thomas Arnold, Surveyor. And, "Monthly Return of Coasting Vessels Entered and Cleared at the Port of Pawtuxet in the District of Providence," February 1796 to November 1799, (missing May 1796, January and October to December 1797, all of 1798, May and July to September 1799), signed by Joseph Aborn, Surveyor. Wonderful archive of early Rhode Island maritime history. Customs information on each vessel includes date of clearance, denomination of vessel, name of vessel, master, to what place bound, number of tons, number of manifests, and often a note of cargo. East Greenwich port vessels include the sloop Rosanna carrying rum, sloops Maryland and Lydia carrying molasses, sloop Greenwich, the Friendship, carrying American produce and dry goods, and others. Masters include Reynolds Spencer, Charles Briggs, Perry Winslow, David Arnold, Holden Rhodes, and others. Pawtuxet vessels include sloops George, Betsey, Polly, Rising Sun, Henry, Endeavor, the schooner Cincinnati and others. Masters included John Jenkes, Anthony Rhodes, Elisha P. and Israel Smith, James Whitney and others. These were mostly coastwise traders between Alexandria, Hartford, Norfolk, Kennebec and other east coast ports. The Act of 14 June 1790 (1 Stat. L, 127) created the Rhode Island custom districts of Providence and Newport. Both towns were constituted Ports of Entry and for each were appointed a collector, a naval officer, and a surveyor. There were seven Ports of delivery: Pawtuxet, in the Providence district, and North Kingstown, East Greenwich, Westerly, Bristol, Warren, and Barrington in the Newport district. In 1799 the boundaries of the Providence district were defined to include all of the waters and shores from the southern part of Warwick Neck to the southern end of Rumstick Point, and up to Providence. Joseph Aborn was appointed surveyor and inspector of revenue for the port of Pawtuxet in September, 1795. Aborn was the descendant of a prominent family from Pawtuxet, a section of the cities of Warwick and Cranston, located where the Pawtuxet River flows into the Providence River and Narragansett Bay. The name means "Little Falls" in the Narragansett language. At the time, Pawtuxet was one of America's premier shipping ports. It was here in 1772, where Rhode Island patriots took the first organized military action towards independence by attacking and burning the hated British revenue schooner, HMS Gaspee. This was America's "First Blow for Freedom" that led directly to the establishment of permanent Committees of Correspondence, the unification of the individual colonies, and a triggering event leading to the American Revolution. East Greenwich, a large ship building town, is also known as the birthplace of the American navy. The Rhode Island State Assembly passed a resolution on June 12, 1772, creating the first formal Navy and authorizing two naval vessels, the flagship Katy and the Washington.  Captain Abraham Whipple was named commodore of the armed vessels. Item #56118

Price: $1,750.00

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