Power & Thornton's civil & congressional township map of the state of Minnesota giving the names & boundaries of organized townships, location of cities, villages, post offices, railroads and main traveled roads. Compiled from government & personal surveys by J. B. Power & A. L. Thornton, ch. draughtsmen, Surveyor General's Office, St. Paul

Minneapolis: Asher & Adams, 1867. Large, impressive wall map approx. 74" by 68" (scale: 6 miles to the inch), hand-colored, on original rollers, with some professional restoration and small losses to a handful of the marginal vignettes; approximately 6 to 8 short tears (one as long as a foot) closed; the coloring a bit dull; the whole recently relined with an acid-free linen backing. Far from a perfect example, but rare. Apparently there are two known editions without any known priority. One, with a Minnesota Valley business directory and "Land map, First Division of the St. Paul & Pacific Railroad Company, of Minnesota," at the top. The other, as here, with a "Classified Business Directory of Hastings, Dakota County, Minnesota" at the top, and without the notice of the St. Paul & Pacific Railway, which appears in this version in the middle of the bottom row of vignettes. Distinctions between the two are not fully made in OCLC which locates copies of either one or the other edition at the Minnesota Historical Society, Mankato State University, the State Library of Massachusetts, and remarkably enough, the British Library. To these we can add the copy at the Library of Congress. The map is lithographed by Sage, Sons & Co., Lithographers, Printing and Manufacturing Company, Buffalo, New York. We believe this is the same copy that was offered for sale by Ernest Wessen in Midland Notes, Mansfield, Ohio in 1965 for $37.50. Two large pictorial insets, one of Minne-ha-ha [Falls], approx. 11" x 8" [from a] "photograph of Harvey of Minnepolis, Minn. - see card in margin," and the other of St. Anthony Falls, approx. 17" x 8" showing the nascent cities of Minneapolis and St. Anthony on opposite banks of the Mississippi River, captioned "Phot. Beall's Gallery, Washington Avenue, Minneapolis, Minnesota." Surrounding the map itself are no less than 57 vignettes advertising various businesses in St. Paul, Minneapolis, St. Anthony, Hastings, and Winona. A half dozen of these vignettes, especially in the top at the corners, show small tears and occasional loss. "You could write a PhD thesis on this map alone. It has so many features it is hard to direct your attention to any one thing. The illustrations and advertisements are lavish but perhaps the most noticeable thing about this map is the checkerboard pattern in southern Minnesota. This shows sections of land that were granted to the railroads that they were offering for sale to help pay the cost of building the lines. See the advertisements at the bottom of the map were, for example, the Winona and St. Peter Rail Road Company promotes parcels 'with in 20 miles on each side of their line.' "The changing political boundaries of the state are especially noticeable on this map when you see “Andy Johnson” county on the western border and “Monongalia” county in the center of the state. Neither county exists today. There are a number of statements printed on the map like the one in northern Minnesota which reads, 'This region is reported by the Canadians to be occupied by lagoons and marshes impassable by horses,' accurately describing the “big bog” region of the state" (see Minnesota Alliance for Geographic Education at magemn.com). Other features include "British Possessions" in the north (i.e. Canada); the western stretches of Lake Superior and including much of Douglas County in Wisconsin showing the city of Superior, Bay City, and the Apostle Islands; the continental divide ("dividing ridge between the waters flowing into the Hudson Bay and the Gulf of Mexico"); Lake of the Woods; Rainy Lake; Red Lake, Leech Lake; a number of proposed railroad lines, the Chippewa Reservation, etc. Phillips, p. 433. Item #57932

Price: $4,500.00

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